Ewald, Johannes

(1743-1781)
   A Danish poet and dramatist, Ewald was plagued by ill health most of his life. A transitional figure between neoclassicism and romanticism, his work is marked both by adherence to the formal strictures of the neoclassicists and by romanticism's focus on the individual. Ewald's dramatic debut was a neoclassical play about the Fall entitled Adam og Ewa eller Den ulykkelige Prøve (1769; Adam and Eve, or, The Unlucky Test). It was followed by Rolf Krage (1770), an action drama with the subject taken from the Danish history written by Saxo Grammaticus, a 13th-century historian. Another drama on an Old Norse theme is Balders Død (1774; tr. The Death of Balder, 1889), which inspired Adam Oehlenschlager. The play Fiskerne (1779; The Fishermen) tells about a daring rescue and contains one of Ewald's best-known poems, "Kong Christian stod ved højen Mast" (King Christian Stood by Lofty Mast).
   Ewald's fragmentary autobiography bears the title Levnet og Meeninger (1773—1777; published 1804—1808; Life and Opinions), and it gives the reader a good sense of the challenges he had to face in his personal life. He is, however, remembered chiefly for his poetry. He was a master of the occasional poem, one of which is the ode "Rungsteds Lyksaligheder" (1775; The Joys of Rungsted), which not only celebrates a country place to which his mother had sent him in order to help him overcome his alcoholism, but which also expresses his religious faith. "Poenitenten" (1777; The Penitent One), "Følelser ved den hellige Nadvere" (1777; Feelings at Holy Communion), and "Til Sielen. En Ode" (1777; Ode to the Soul) all express his religious feelings. The ode "Til min Moltke" (1777; To My Moltke), on the other hand, expresses his gratitude toward an earthly benefactor.
   See also Theater.

Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. . 2006.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ewald, Johannes — born Nov. 18, 1743, Copenhagen, Den. died March 17, 1781, Copenhagen Danish poet and dramatist. By age 19 he was becoming known as a writer. At 30, addicted to alcohol, he adopted a more solitary life and began producing his mature works,… …   Universalium

  • Ewald, Johannes — (18 nov. 1743, Copenhague, Dinamarca–17 mar. 1781, Copenhague). Poeta y dramaturgo danés. A los 19 años empezaba a hacerse conocido como escritor. A los 30 años, y como consecuencia de su adicción al alcohol, pasó a tener una vida más solitaria y …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • EWALD, JOHANNES —    a Danish dramatist and lyrist, born at Copenhagen; served as a soldier in the German and Austrian armies; studied theology at Copenhagen; disappointed in love, he devoted himself to poetical composition; ranks as the founder of Danish tragedy …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Johannes Ewald — (* 18. November 1743 in Kopenhagen; † 17. März 1781 in Kopenhagen) war ein dänischer Dichter. Mit ihm begann die neuere Periode der dänischen Literatur. Er wurde als der Sohn eines streng pietistischen Predigers geboren, kam früh verwaist in die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johannes Ewald — Johannes Ewald. Johannes Ewald (18 de noviembre de 1743, Copenhague 17 de marzo de 1781, Copenhague) fue un dramaturgo y poeta danés. A la edad de 19 años comenzó a escribir y ganó cierta fama. A los 30 siendo alcohólico, adoptó una vida …   Wikipedia Español

  • Johannes Ewald — Johannes Ewald, né à Copenhague le 18 novembre 1743 et mort dans la même ville le 17 mars 1781, est un poète et dramaturge danois. Il fait partie des plus importants écrivains danois du XVIIIe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • EWALD (J.) — EWALD JOHANNES (1743 1781) Fils d’un pasteur piétiste du Sønderjylland (Danemark), tracassé par un tempérament irrémédiablement fantaisiste, bohème, maladif il mourra de tuberculose dans sa trente septième année , Ewald se définissait lui même… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ewald [3] — Ewald, Johannes, dän. Dichter, geb. 18. Nov. 1743 zu Kopenhagen, gest. 17. März 1781; vorzüglich als Lyriker und in seinen lyrischen Dramen (»Adam und Eva«, »Balders Tod«, »Die Fischer«) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ewald [1] — Ewald, Johannes, dän. Dichter, geb. 1743 zu Kopenhagen, gest. 1781. Neueste Gesammtausgabe seiner Werke: Kopenhagen 1850–51 …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • johannes — /joh han eez, is/, n., pl. johannes. a gold coin formerly used as currency in Portugal, first issued in the early 18th century. Also, joannes. [1750 60, Amer.; after the name Joannes (John V, of Portugal) in the coin s legend. See JOHN] * * * (as …   Universalium

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